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Alwar - its scenic landscape

DISTANCE - 160 KM From Delhi, 150 KM From Jaipur, 145 KM From Fatehpur Sikri

CONNECTION
 
By Air : Delhi 160 km is the nearest airport.

By Rail : Good connection from prominent locations in and around the state. Some of important train connections are : Shatabdi Express (New Delhi-Alwar-Ajmer) Superfast Express (New Delhi-Alwar-Ajmer); intercity Express (Delhi Sarai Rohilla-Alwar-Jaipur); Mandore Express (DelhiSarai Rohilla-Alwar-Jodhpur)

By Road : Regular services link Alwar with key destinations in and not far off Rajasthan and Delhi.
 
ABOUT ALWAR
Alwar one of the beautiful cities in India is surrounded by number of sand hills constituting the Arravali range. It has a excellent anciently build fort, which has a mega structure, thus posses a rich culture in the soil of Alwar. Apart from its history, Alwar has rich natural heritage with its beautiful lakes and picturesque valley thickly wooded in the parts. The people of the state did not like any external interference and did not kneel before the foreign powers. In the 12th and 13th centuries, denizen of Alwar planned to raid Delhi, but were finally suppressed by the Siltan Balban, thus the area was brought under the influence of Muslim rulers.

The Alwar state may be said to have been formed as a separate, independent state, at the time when Maharajah Pratap Singh (founder of the city), first raised his standard over the Alwar Fort on November 25th in the year 1775. During his rule the then districts of Thanagazi, Alwar, Ajabgharh, Baldeogarh, Kankwari, Ramgarh, Rajgarh, Malakhera, and other areas around Behror and Bansur, were finally structured to form a separate State. This alluring city gained immense popularity in the 18th century, when Maharajah Pratap Singh won back Alwar and founded a principality of its own. He successfully drove back the rulers of Jaipur to the south and the Jats of Bharatpur to the east. This beautiful surrounded valley of Ajmer is blessed with fabulous palaces, museums, temples, forts, wildlife sanctuary, hotels, theaters and other major institutions.
 
PLACES OF INTERESTS IN ALWAR
 
Bala Qila : Fort, which bound the people to watch its magnetic beauty, towering on a hill dominating the town, is the Bala Qila (young fort). marvelous fortifications surround the NIKUMBHA MAHAI PALACE at the top, which has graceful Bengal caned marble columns and delicate latticed balconies. The fort is 595 mts. above the city, and extends about 5 Kms from north and south and 1.6 Kms from east and west.

City Palace : The City Palace was built in 1793 A.D. by Raja Bakhtawar Singh. It represents a intermingling of Rajput and Mughal stvles. It has graceful marble pavilions set on lotus flower bases in the central courtyard.

Rani Moosi Chhatri : This impressive centopath (chhatri) on the banks of SAGAR a beautiful lake is dedicated to Bakhtawar Singh mistress who performed sati here. The centopath reflects Indo-Islamic style of architecture. The upper portion in marble with columned pavilions and domed arches with exquisite floral tracery rests over the pillared red sand stone story.

The Museum : The palace Museum has a wonderful collection of exhibits of the personal wealth of the Maharajas of Alwar and some rare manuscripts including an illustrated Mahabharata on a 200 -foot-long scroll, Others prize pieces here after illustrated manuscripts of GULISTAN, SHAH NAMA, and on EMPEROR Babur's life.

Tomb of Fateh Jung : This spectacular tomb has a massive dome, which is a fine blend of Hindu and Islamic architectural styles. Fateh Jung was a minister of Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan and related to the Khanzada rulers of Alwar.

Purjan Vihar (Company Garden) : The beautiful garden was laid out during the reign of Maharaja Shiv Dan Singh built in1868 a most picturesque place locally known as Simla (the Summer House), was added to lush greenery of this garden do not give the blazing sun a chance to peep in.

Vijay Mandir Palace : It is the royal residence of Maharaja Jai Singh built in 1918. The largely uninhabited palace is a window on the life style of the royals. Migratory' birds and waterfowls can be obsened feeding on fish in the small lake, beside the palace.

Siliserh Lake : The water palace of Siliserh with a lake sur­rounded by low wooded hills, enroute to Sariska12 Kms. southwest of Alwar.The tranquil lake is nestled in the hills, the twinkling ripples of the lake cover an area of about 10.5 sq. Kms, surrounded by thick forest and magnificent cenotopaths on its embankment. A royal hunting lodge /palace was built by Maharaja Vinay Singh for his Queen Shila in 1845.

Talvrakash : Sariska-Alwar road takes to this enchanting site where pilgrims bathe in hot SULPHUR SPRINGS. Langurs (apes) stroll about and the bell of the scattered temples tinkle all day long. lt was the place of penance of Mandav Rishi.

Sariska : This park is situated only 200 km from Delhi and 107 kms from Jaipur. Although larger than Ranthambor, it is less commercialised and has less tigers but a similar topography. It covers an area of 800 sq km in total, with a core area of approximately 500 sq km. The Northern Aravali Hills dominate the skyline with their mixture of sharp cliffs and long narrow valleys. The area was declared a sanctuary in 1955 and became a National Park in 1979.

Kankwari Fort : Within Sariska Tiger Reserve 18 Kms from the entrance gate, lies Kankwari Fort, it is a fine example of a VANADURG or jungle fort. High inaccessible, deep in the tiger infested forest, it once was host to Prince Dara Shikoh heir to the Mughal throne held captive brother Aurangzeb.

Sariska Palace : Set inside the Sariska Tiger Reserve this was Maharaja Jai Singh's hunting lodge it has beautiful sprawling lawns antique furniture and interesting photographs of the Royal Shikar of the 1920s. Now a heritage hotel.

Pandupol : The metalled road commencing from the Sanctuary gate ends at this temple dedicated to LORD HUNUMAN. This backed by the delightful sight of Pandupol or Pandu gate where a cascading spring emerges from hard and compact rocks. Legend has it that the Pandava brother took refuge here during their exile.
 
RELIGIOUS PLACES IN ALWAR
Bhartrihari Temple : A throbbing pilgrimage center, which revokes around the legend of King GHARATHARI who spent the closing years of his life, ancient place amidst hills.

Hanuman Temple : Hanuman Temple in Alwar is situated within the expansive area of Sariska National Park, nearly 11 km from its main entry gate. Though the world famous wildlife sanctuary encloses a number of striking temples, the Hanuman Temple is undoubtedly a major attraction for visitors to Alwar.

Neelkanth Temples : Neelkanth Temples in Alwar are among the several tourist attractions that lie within the world famous Sariska National Park. Though the ancient temples of Neelkanth today lie in a wrecked state, they remind of the glorious history of the bygone era and are worth a visit during your tour to Alwar city.
 
WHEN TO GO ALWAR
Alwar is very hot and humid during summers. The rainfall is quite low and summer heat is quite unbearable. April, May and June experience heat waves and should be avoided by tourists. Monsoons arrive in July and last till September. The weather is pleasant in these months. Winters from November to February are the best months to see Alwar.
 
WEATHER FORECAST
The climate of Alwar is quite dry. The summer season is very hot, but a little less than the other cities of Rajasthan. The average temperature in the summers ranges between 41° C (maximum) to 28° C (minimum), approximately. Alwar weather experiences a cold winter. The winter temperature falls in the range of 23° C (maximum) to 8° C (minimum), approximately. The city experiences a short monsoon. The average annual rainfall is approximately 57.77 cm, with the average humidity being 70%.
 
EVENTS AND FESTIVALS IN ALWAR
Origin of name of Alwar : There are several suggestions on how Alwar has derived its name. Some sources say that the district is known as Alwar as its headquarters are located in the town of Alwar. Cunningham holds that the city derived its name from the Salva tribe and was originally Salwapur, then, Salwar, Halawar and eventually Alwar. As per history, earlier the city was known as "Ulwar". As this placed the city in last position when arranged in alphabetical order, a king renamed it to "Alwar" to bring it to the top.

Culture of Alwar : The festivals celebrated in Alwar are Sawan Teej, Chuhar Sidh, Laldas Maila, Bilali Fair, Sahibji ka Maila, Jagannathji Fair and Bhartrihari. The festivals of Alwar are marked by merry occasions and traditional arts, music and dance.

Alwar Festivals : Alwar festival is a three-day festival which is being organized by the district administration to promote tourism and emphasize the legacy of rich culture in Alwar. An impressive procession through the streets of the town marks the inauguration of the festival on February 13.

The Alwar Collector and chairman of the festival committee usually organize a `Shilp Gram' (handicraft village) which emphasizes on the display of the hand-made items and promote the manual skills. It also reflects the diversity of the district. Alwar's Alwar Festival mainly focuses on the tourism of Alwar and the rural activities of the local people.

The events organized at the Alwar Festival include elephant polo, fancy dress and sketching competitions for children, flower show, exhibition of rare and antique items of the region and a film show on the culture and social customs of Alwar.

Usually tour operators from different cities of India arrange tours to Alwar during this period to enable the tourists visit the popular tourist places ahead of the festival. Some of the major draws for the tourists visiting Alwar include the Sariska wildlife sanctuary and the historic Kankwadi fort and Pandupol waterfall.

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