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Ludhiana - Manufacturing Agricultural Implements OR its Spare parts like Rotavator OR Manchester of India

STATE - PUNJAB
   
DISTANCE - 305 KM From Delhi, 59 KM From Jalandhar, 142 KM From Amritsar

CONNECTION
 
By Air : The nearest airport is in the state capital Chandigarh which is 100km away from Ludhiana.

By Rail : Ludhiana railway station is well connected with New Delhi and all other important towns of India. Train takes about 4-5 hrs from New Delhi to reach Ludhiana.

By Road : Ludhiana is situated on the Amritsar-Delhi Grand Trunk Road. New Delhi, Amritsar, Chandigarh and other major cities in Punjab are well linked with Ludhiana through road.
 
ABOUT LUDHIANA

Ludhiana is one of the most important towns of Punjab, an important state of North India, and is the industrial capital of the state. It is renowned all over the world for its excellent hosiery and woolen garments industry. This city has strong historical connections and is also home to some of the finest Gurudwaras and other sacred shrines. Ludhiana is an indispensable stopover for the tourist who is on his tour of Punjab. There are many places to visit in Ludhiana, and you will surely like the culture and warm hospitality of the people.

The history about Ludhiana is quite rich and takes us to the times when Yodha, Gupta and Rajput rulers used to reign over this place. The city witnessed lots of battles and clashes between the various empires for power and growth. It is said that Ludhiana derived its name from the Lodhi Dynasty around 1480 AD. It was under the rule of Maharaja Ranjit Singh that the city witnessed huge progress and a cantonment was established here. Later in the year 1805 the British army confronted him and subsequently it came under the British rule.

PLACES OF INTERESTS IN LUDHIANA

Lodhi Fort : The fort was built by the Muslim ruler Sikander Lodhi now has gone to ruin and rack. Lodhi Fort was constructed on 16th century on the strategic location near River Sutlej which earlier used to flow near it but now has changes his direction. Due to the lack of protection and conservation by ludhianvis, the fort today is only a ruin having few structures in good condition. The residents are equally responsible as they have weakened the structure by digging up borrows to make space for construction of houses and shops. The State Conservation Department, the District Administration, and the Municipal Corporation still have been showing no interest to its conservation and protection.

Maharaja Ranjit Singh War Museum : Maharaja Ranjit Singh War Museum is situated about 5 KM from Ludhiana Railway Station, near Hotel Amaltas and it spread over an area of 4 acres. The museum was instituted in 1990 with a motive to give tribute to the gallant soldiers and to create awareness among the people about the role of defence services and how it can strengthen Indian National integration and unity. Punjab Government is still in a process of establishing a War Museum of International standard at Ludhiana, consisting of galleries like History, War Heroes, Uniforms, Air and Navy Gallery, Signal and Medical Corps, Kargil. There is a light and sound hall in a museum which conducts regular shows highlighting the stories of brave Indian soldiers especially Punjab Soldiers.

Rural Museum, PAU : The museum was completed in 26th April' 1974 which lies in area of 4000 Sq. yard. and it was inaugurated by S. Khushwant Singh. The museum of Rural life is situated in the campus of Punjab Agricultural University and is a important tourist palace to visit. This museum is one of its kind situated in PAU university which displays the Punjab culture and tradition to its best. Over a decade after the intervention of the technology, the rural Punjab known for its tradition, customs and warm welcome are now losing their stand. But the people and the tourist who are anxious to see the rural Punjab should come to this museum as this is the only place where one can observe and feel the rural Punjab.

Hardy's World (Amusement Park) : The visual stunning spectacular park is located 7km away from the city which generates lot of excitement in the hearts of Ludhiana children who have dreamt such type of amusement park and the dream comes true. Water park has also been introduced where you can find all types of water sports along with ice skating and snowfall which is India's third largest indoor snow city. offers a complete fun-package. Theme parties, cafes, joy rides and shopping complex are entertainment bonanza for people of all age groups.

RELIGIOUS PLACES IN LUDHIANA

Gurdwara Charan Kanwal Sahib (Machhiwara) : Gurdwara Charan Kamal Sahib is the important Sikh shrine having a beautiful building situated on the Charan Kamal named after this Gurdwara in the city of Machiwara. Gurdwara marks the site of the garden where the 10th Guru – Guru Gobind Singh had a sip of water from the same well which is believed to be used for watering the garden on that time and then after he took a good sleep. Anyone can reach Gurdwara easily as it is well connected by Ludhiana to Chandigarh highway at Samrala (42 Kms) and to Ropar (46 Kms) by Guru Gobind Singh marg. It is known as the place where his three devotees had joined him whose names are Dhram Singh, Daga Singh and Manu Singh.

Bilwanwali Masjid : Mosque of Kamal-ud-din Khan/Sarai Doraha on the main highway, dates back to Emperor Jahangir's time. Rectangular in shape it has rooms and varandahs on all sides. Two great double storied gates are profusely decorated with coloured tiles and intricate brick carvings Bhir has the famous mosque built by Mohammad Ghori in 1911.

Gurudwara Nanaksar Jagraon : It is located 38 km from Ludhiana, a remarkable memorial of the Sikh Saint, Baba Nand Singh Kaleranwale. A five days fair is held here in his memory in August every year.

WHEN TO GO LUDHIANA

The best time to visit Ludhiana is from February to mid April.The monsoon visits this city around July and extends up to the beginning of September.

WEATHER FORECAST

Ludhiana experiences a very extreme type of climate, which is very hot in the summer and very cold during the winter. Ludhiana Climate is characterized by dryness except a brief spell of monsoon season in a very hot summer & a bracing winter. May, June & Mid-July are generally considered to be the hottest months. Hot and scorching dust laden winds blow during summer season and on individual days the day temperature by to night temperature. The monsoon washes off the city of Ludhiana during the months of July to the first phase of September. The period of mid September to about the middle of November may be termed as post monsoon or transitional period.The winter season starts from middle of November to the early part of March, when it becomes very cold during the night. December & January are the coldest month. If you can stand neither extreme heat nor cold, the best time to visit Ludhiana is from February to mid April. Starting from February to the mid of April, the weather in Ludhiana remains quite pleasant and enjoyable. This is the best time of the year for the people to visit Ludhiana who fails to tolerate any sort of extremities of climatic conditions.

EVENTS AND FESTIVALS IN LUDHIANA

Fairs and festivals depict the cultural heritage and afford a glimpse of the life of the people. They cover the religious, social and economic field and some of them glorify the change of season. A few of them are held in commemoration of anniversaries of venerated persons. The festivals in Ludhiana have always been celebrated with much exuberance and fanfare. For the masses these festivals are popular occasions for social interaction and enjoyment. The festivals of Ludhiana have one common objective of bringing people together to participate in the happiness of the occasion.

Lohri : Lohri, which comes on the last day of Poh (December-January), is another extremely popular festival. A huge bonfire is made in every house and the fire god is worshipped. This is a special day for making offerings to fire. When fire is lit up in the evening, all the members of family go round it, pour offerings into it, and bow before it in reverence. The first Lohri for a new bride, or a newborn babe, is enthusiastically celebrated, and sweets are distributed. Children visit homes in the neighbourhood and sing songs. Lohri marks the end of the winter season.

Basant Panchami : Being the famous seasonal fair heralds the advent of spring. Yellow mustard flowers all around create an aura of romantic vive infecting the spirit of the Ludhianvis. Deeply merged in heart and soul with the Nature, every Punjabi expresses his gratitude with dance and songs. Basant is celebrated towards the close of winter in the month of January-February. The weather circle seems to be changing otherwise Basant used to bring a message of softness in the weather in place of the hard cold season. Basant is the time when mustard fields are yellow with it the spring is ushered in. Ludhianvis welcome the change and celebrate the day by wearing yellow clothes, holding feasts and by organizing kite flying.

Holi : The most colorful and hilarious of all the festivals, which are celebrated in, Ludhiana is Holi. It is celebrated on the full moon day of Phagun. Holi is a festival of colors. It is spring time in India, flowers and fields are in bloom and the country goes wild with people running on the streets and smearing each other with gulal and coloured water. Originally a festival to celebrate good harvests and fertility of the land, Holi is now a symbolic commemoration of a legend from Hindu Mythology. The people observe this festival almost for a week. Men, women and children take part in it. In the villages the festival does not carry much significance. In towns and cities the festival is quite popular and celebrated enthusiastically.

Baisakhi : Punjab being a predominantly agricultural state that prides itself on its food grain production, it is little wonder that its most significant festival is Baisakhi, which marks the arrival of the harvesting season. For the Sikhs, Baisakhi has a special significance because on this day in 1699, their tenth guru, Guru Gobind Singh organized the Order of the Khalsa. Baisakhi is New Year's Day in Punjab. It falls on the month of Vaisakh.

Janam Ashtami : The festival commemorates the birthday of Lord Krishna. Hindu women keep fast and visit temples, which are specially decorated on the occasion. Women take their meals after midnight-the time of the birth of the Lord.

Dussehra : It is celebrated on the 10th of navratra in Asauj (September-October) in honour of the victory of Rama over Ravana, i.e., victory of virtue over vice. On the occasions, big fairs are held in Jagraon, Khanna, Payal and Raikot. A big mela is held in Ludhiana in Dresi Ground, Model Town Extn, Aggar Nagar, Kitchlu Nagar etc., where the effigies of Ravana and his relations are burnt amidst great public rejoicings. In Ludhiana, the festival wears the colourful garb of Ramlila wherein various incidents from Rama's life are enacted, as is the destruction of Ravana and Bharat Milap, that is the reunion of Ram and his estranged brother Bharat, on the former's return to Ayodhya after 14 years of exile.

Diwali : The festival of lights is associated with the worship of Goddess Lakshmi and the return of Rama to his capital, Ayodhiya, after his long exile. This festival is celebrated throughout India. Hindus get their houses cleaned and whitewashed as a part of annual campaign of cleanliness on the festival. They light lamps in the night and distribute sweets among relations and friends. On the occasion Lakshmi, the goddess of wealth, is worshipped and the Mahajans start the new financial year.

Sikh Gurupurabs : In addition to the above festivals, the Sikhs also celebrate Baisakhi, Martyrdoms of Guru Arjun Dev and Guru Teg Bahadur and birthdays of Guru Nanak and Gobind Singh. Guru Arjan Dev's martyrdom day is celebrated in the month of May/June, Guru Tegh Bahadur's martyrdom and Guru Nanak Dev's birthday in November and Guru Gobind Singh's birthday in December/January. Langar is served on these occasions in gurdwaras. On guru Arjan Dev's martyrdom day in May/June sweetened-water with milk (kachi lassi) is served to the people.

Muslim festivals : Muhammeden festivals and fairs are Moharram, Bara Wafat, Shab-I-Brat, Ramjan, Id-ul-Fitur and Id-ul-Azha. Moharram is celebrated on the 10th of the month of said name in memory of Hazrat Imam and Hussain, who laid their lives fighting against the tyranny of Yazid. Bara Wafat is celebrated on the 12th day of Rabi-ul-awal. On the birthday of prophet Hazrat Muhammad the teachings of Islam are explained to the people and the holy Koran is recited. On Shab-I-Brat, celebrated with firework, the Muhammadans distribute food among the poor and offer ablutions to their deceased forefathers. Ramzan is the holy month throughout which purificatory fasts are observed. Id-ul-Fitar marks the end of the fasts on termination of Ramzan. Prayers are offered in mosques. People exchange presents and rejoice among friends and relations. Id-ul-Zuha falls on the 9th and 10th Zilhij.

Jain Festivals : Mahavir Jayanti is celebrated by taking out processions of pictures of Lord Mahavir. The Jains observe fasts on the day. It falls in the month of chaitra (March). Puryushan in celebrated in the month of Bhadra (August/September) when Jains go on fast for purifying their soul. Samatsari marks the end of Puryushan. Jains beg pardom from persons for any wrong they night have done to them.

FOOD AND RESTURANTS IN LUDHIANA

Breakfast : Stuffed (potatoes, cauliflower, raddish, cottage cheese, onion or peas) Paraunthas and a glass of buttermilk.
Lunch : Sarson Ka Saag and Makki Ki Roti with mint and onion Chutney.
Snacks : Besan Pakodas (Alloo, Gobi, Onion, Green Chilli etc.)
Dinner : Mah Ki Dal, Bhunna Gosht, Tandoori Roti and Dahi Raita

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