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Mussoorie - Queen of the Mountains

STATE - UTTARAKHAND
DISTANCE - 34 KM From Dehradun, 300 KM From Delhi.

CONNECTION
By Air : The nearest Airport to Mussoorie is 60-kms away from the place. The airport is called Jollygrant Airport but there are no regular flights to this place.

By Rail : Mussoorie does not have a direct rail link. Dehradun Railway station serves for Mussoorie too. This station is linked which Superfast trains to other major cities in country.

By Road : From Dehradun one can hire a taxi or take a bus to Mussoorie. The queen of hill stations is well connected with roads with other major cities. There are regular bus services from various metros and other tourist destinations in Uttaranchal as well as from out side the state. Bus services are provided by State transports. There are conducted tours to Mussoorie too.
 
ABOUT MUSSOORIE
Mussoorie is located in the Garhwal hills. Due to its immense natural beauty, Mussoorie is known as the queen of hill stations. In 1820 Captain Young from the British army was influenced by the beauty of this place and made this place his residence. This marked the foundation of a hill station called Mussoorie. The name, Mussoorie, is derived from plants of 'Mussoorie' which were found in abundance here. After its discovery.

Mussoorie is located at a height of 2,500 meters in the green Himalayan range. Due to its location and beauty Mussoorie is considered as the best hill station in the northern region. The modern bungalows, malls and well laid gardens which are located on the small hills around the area are enough to attract any tourist. Mussoorie is an excellent respite for tourists and people who want relief from the hot sultry conditions of the plains. Nature has gifted Mussoorie everything which makes a place beautiful.
 
PLACES OF INTERESTS IN MUSSOORIE
 
The Mall : The hub of town stretches from Old Picture Palace cinema to the Library. Clock Tower is a good place to find some excellent antique watches. The middle section the Mall known as Kulri is lined up with shops, ice cream parlors, video games parlor and several point where you can expand your eyes to lush Doon Valley. If you are a book worm, Cambridge Bookshop near the old post office is the right place for you. The best part of the Mall is rope way that goes to Gun Hill. Skating ring at Kulri is another good place for a nice experience.

Camel’s Back Road : A quiet 4 km stretch overlooking the hills near the Library end is an excellent place to pass a cool and quiet time. A 10 minutes horse ride or rickshaw ride to the road can be a good experience. There is no such particular attraction but an old cemetery that preserve some old documents of Raj’s era.

Gun Hills : An extinct volcano, this magnificent hill rises to 400ft above the Mall. The best way to reach there is through rope way from Mussoorie Mall. A stunning views of surrounding area from here is glorious. Apart from that chain of food joints and souvenir shops are best to shop and taste some exotic cuisines.

The Walks : The best way to expose the beauty of Mussoorie is through slow walking that starts from the Mall area to Happy Valley. The road takes you through old oaks forest, past the old Charlleville Estate, IAS Academy, and Tibetan School. Savor the taste of roadside chowmein and momos. Another option is to take the route of Library to Clouds End. There are other rewarding walking trail including Camel’s Back Road, Barlowganj walking trail through virgin woodland.

Kempty Falls : Buses or taxis can be taken to the waterfall, 15 km from Mussoorie on the Yamnotri Road at an altitude of 4500 feet. It has the distinction of being the largest and prettiest waterfall in the valley and is surrounded by high mountains. The stream flowing through a valley falls over a precipice and achieves its full intensity during the monsoons.

Municipal Garden : This picnic spot has a beautiful garden and an artificial mini lake with boating facilities. It is located at a distance of 4 km if you take the main road and is only 2 km on foot via the Convent road.

Camel's Back Road : The lovely promenade starts from Kulri Bazar near Rink Hall and ends at Library Bazaar making for a total distance of 3 kms. It is a popular road for walking or riding and is a grand spot from which to view the sunset. When viewed from near the Mussoorie Public School the spot resembles a camel's back.
 
RELIGIOUS PLACES IN MUSSOORIE
 
Nag Devta Temple : The temple is dedicated to Nag Devta – the Serpent God, situated just 6 kms from Mussoorie on Cart Road.

Parkasheshwar Temple : A famous temple dedicated to Lord Shiva, is just 20 kms from Mussoorie on Dehradun Road. It is an ideal picnic spot as situated on the Mussoorie-Dehradun Road and located in the Modest of Hill Valley. During Shivratri the temple is visited by numerous devotees from the nearby areas.

Jwalaji Temple (Benog Hill) : About 9 kms west of Mussoorie and at an altitude of 2100 metres above sea level is a temple dedicated to Goddess Durga. Situated on the top of the Benog Hill and surrounded by thick forests, the temple site offers magnificent view of the Himalayan peaks, Doon Valley and Yamuna Valley.

Bhadraj Temple : About 15 kms from Mussoorie is a temple dedicated to Lord Balbhadra, brother of Shri Krishna. The surroundings of the temple offer a commanding view of the Doon valley and Chakrata Ranges.

Surkhanda Devi : The temple of Surkhanda Devi is located 40 kms from Mussoorie and 8 kms Dhanolti at an altitude of 3,030 metres above sea level. Tourists can reach Kaddu Khal (Devas-thali) by Bus or by Car from where the temple is about 2 kms on foot.
 
WHEN TO GO MUSSOORIE
The peak tourist season is in summer, from May to July. The town tends to get overcrowded at this time. Mid-season around Christmas and October-November are good times to visit.
 
WEATHER FORECAST
The climate of Mussoorie is mild and entirely comfortable in summers, temperature wavering below 30º C. Winters are very cold, and temperature dips to freezing point.
 
EVENTS AND FESTIVALS IN MUSSOORIE
 
Basant Panchami, Samvastar Pareva : Celebrated to commemorate the coming of the spring season and, also, the end of winter, Basant Panchmi is generally celebrated during the traditional month of Magh (January - February). People worship Goddess Saraswati, use yellow clothes or handkerchiefs and, in a few places, people put a yellow tilak on their foreheads. With this festival, the extremely popular holi baithaks also begin.

Uttarani or Kale Kaua : Held on gigantic scales, the fair is held simultaneously at a number of places like Nainital, Bageshwar, Rameshwar, Salt Mahadev, Chitrashila (Ranibagh), Pancheshwar among others on the auspicious day of Uttarayani. The Dola of Chaumu is brought down to the temple at Pancheshwar. The festival of Uttarayani holds a special place in the culture of Uttarakhand, in general, and Kumaon, in particular.

Phooldeyi or Phooldeli : It is celebrated in the months of March/April. On the occasion of Phooldei, young girls put the first flowers of the season on the entrance or threshold of every house in the village, for good luck throughout the year. This is a big example of how communities are closely bonded and linked in the hills of Kumaon as no one puts these flowers in front of their own houses alone.

Hariyala : Celebrated in the month of Shravan (July- august), the month of festivals, to commemorate the wedding of Lord Shiva and Parvati, the festival is also associated with the arrival of the rainy season and the new harvest. On this day people make clay statues (Dikaras) of Shiva, Parvati, Ganesh etc. and worship them. The overworked bullocks find a rare a rest on the occasion of Harela.

Bikhauti : On the first of the navaratris (nine day fasting period) in the month of Chaitra, women sow seven types of grains. The germination of these grains symbolizes the future harvest. On the tenth day, the yellow leaves, called Harela, are cut people put them on their heads and tuck them behind their ears. During this very month of Chaitra (March-April) brothers send gifts for their sisters. These presents are called ‘Bikhauti’

Gheeya Sankranti or Olgia : Olgia is celebrated on the first day of Bhado (middle of August), when the harvest is lush and green, vegetables are in abundance and the milch animals very productive. In ancient times sons-in-law and nephews would give presents to fathers-in-law and maternal uncles, respectively, in order to celebrate Olgia. Today agriculturists and artisans give presents to the owners of their land and purchasers of their tools and receive gifts and money in return. Binai (oral harp), datkhocha (metallic tooth pick), metal calipers, axes, ghee, vegetables and firewood are some of the presents exchanged on this day. People put ghee on their foreheads and eat ghee and chapatis stuffed with 'urad' dal. It is believed that walnuts sweeten after this festival. This festival, which is a celebration of the produce of the land, is now seldom celebrated.

AUTUMN FESTIVAL : The major festival of Mussoorie is the Autumn festival which is celebrated with great enthusiasm for a period of nearly 10 days. The festival is organized by the Municipal Board and is honoured by distinguished guests like the Chief Minister, Governor and other ministers. The festival is highlighted with events like roller skating shows, fireworks, theatre plays, sporting events etc.

SUMMER FESTIVAL : The Summer festival is mainly celebrated to enhance the educational knowledge in the form of cultural events and other associated programms.The festival is highlighted with events like seminars and debates, cultural parades and other entertaining programms like drawing competition, folk dance performances, game shows, magic shows etc.These events are organized by Nagar Palika Parishad of Mussoorie and judged by eminent scholars from the respective fields.

THE BHADRAJ FAIR : The Bhadraj Fair which attracts a lot of visitors falls in the month of August and is organized by the Bhadraj temple.

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